Vaccines

Recommended Dog Vaccines

Your Pets Health is Twins Veterinary Hospital ultimate concern. Make sure you’re up on all the shots your pup needs. Immunizations keep puppies healthy just as they do babies. And while the thought of getting a shot yourself may make you weak in the knees, most puppies don’t mind a bit. Vaccinations stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies and prevent disease. Some take only one shot, but others take a series of shots or boosters to provide adequate protection. In puppies, the mother’s immune system plays the role of protector by passing antibodies in the first milk, or colostrum. This benefit starts to wane when your puppy is 6 to 8 weeks old.

Vaccinations Highly Recommended

DOGS:

RABIES VIRUS – Rabies is spread directly from any biting infected animal and all dogs should be vaccinated; it is required by NYS law. This is an extremely fatal disease in both animals and humans. Dogs initially receive one vaccination, then a booster in one year, and then in the state of NY this becomes licensed as a three year vaccination. We recommend more frequent boosters every two years for aggressive or dogs at high risk (hunting).

DA2P-P – Distemper, Adeno/Hepatitis, Para Influenza and Parvovirus vaccination (five in one). This vaccine is strated around 6 – 8 weeks of age. Then additional boosters every 3-4 weeks apart until the last booster is acquired after 16 weeks of age for optimal protection. Vaccine is then boostered every 3 years for the life of the pet.

Canine distemper is a viral disease that usually begins like an upper respiratory infection or cold but soon progresses to seizures and often death. It’s usually transmitted by foxes, coyotes, raccoons, and dogs.

Infectious hepatitis is another serious viral disease. The virus responsible for the disease is passed in the urine and causes liver and kidney infections.

Parainfluenza is a viral disease that contributes to kennel cough. The disease is spread when tiny droplets of nasal secretions fly through the air and are inhaled by other dogs, and it causes upper respiratory infection and coughing.

The injectable form of the vaccine protects against disease but doesn’t prevent dogs from being contagious. A nose-spray vaccination that combines parainfluenza virus and Bordetella (a bacteria that contributes to kennel cough) vaccines protects your pup from both infection and transmission.

Parvovirus infection is a viral disease that causes severe vomiting and diarrhea because of an intestinal tract infection. The virus is passed in the feces and can remain infectious in contaminated soil for one to two years. Untreated infections may lead to death.

This Vaccination provided protection to a number of life threatening viral diseases that are contagious to non-vaccinated dogs.

LEPTOSPIROSIS- is a bacterial disease that’s usually spread when infected urine from raccons, rodents or other dogs contaminates the water or soil and the bacteria is ingested or inhaled. This disease can cause severe or fatal liver or kidney infections in dogs and can be transmitted to humans. There is a blood test and a vaccination now available for this deadly disease.The vaccination is given initially as two doses, two weeks apart, then annually thereafter.

VACCINATIONS ADVISED/AVAILABLE

Coronavirus infection – This is a viral disease that causes vomiting and diarrhea, and immunosuppression to young dogs. It is advisable that puppies receive two booster shots initially with the above DA2PP vaccination. Is a viral disease of the intestinal tract and is characterized by diarrhea, vomiting and that can last three to four weeks.

Kennel cough/Bordetella- an infection of the upper respiratory tract, causes a persistent hacking cough and a now-and-again runny nose. Every cough sends infected particles of drool and mucus flying through the air, which makes the condition highly contagious to other dogs. One cough and they all get it! Kennel cough can be caused by several viruses and bacteria, which may act individually or as a group to cause disease.

The fastest and most complete protection is a form of the vaccine that’s delivered as a nose spray. The vaccination is given every 6 –12 months depending on the dogs exposure and risks. High-risk groups like show dogs and working dogs, who are regularly exposed to other dogs, may need to be vaccinated more than once a year.

LYME DISEASE- , especially common here on long island (especially this area near Fire Island) to both humans and dogs. Lyme disease can cause a variety of conditions including arthritis, lameness, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and urinary and heart disease, neurological problems, decreased appetite, lethargy and other vague signs. Currently there is a vaccination that can help protect your dog and reduce the incidence of Lyme disease.High Risk dogs are stressed to get this vaccine as well as using tick control medications.

Lyme disease is a tick-borne, bacterial disease. This is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world. Dogs can’t transmit the disease to humans, but they can bring ticks that carry the bacteria into your home. The infection causes fever and lameness in affected dogs. It’s recommended for dogs who are exposed to ticks in areas where the disease is prevalent: Fire Island, up state NY and east end of long island. The vaccination is initially given with a booster shot 2-3 weeks later and them annually.

If your puppy is behind on vaccinations, please call us right away to start a vaccine protocol and protect his/her health!

CATS:

As a conscientious cat owner, you should keep records of shots and check with your veterinarian any time you suspect your cat might be due for one. It’s better not to rely on your vet’s staff to remind you since they’re tracking many more animals than you are, computer records can be lost or you may move and forget to give them your new address.

The Basics – Every Year

  • FVRCP
  • Rabies

Rabies- Is spread directly from any biting infected animal and all cats should be vaccinated; it is required by NYS law. This is an extremely fatal disease in both animals and humans. Cats initially receive one vaccination, then a booster in one year, and then in the state of NY this becomes licensed as a three year vaccination.

FVRCP-The standard annual vaccine is the three-in-one FVRCP, which stands for feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), calicivirus, and panleukopenia virus. The first two types of virus cause upper respiratory illness. Panleukopenia is a life-threatening disease in which cats suffer severe diarrhea as well as depletion of bone marrow and white blood cells.

Most cats should get the rabies vaccine every year or every third year. The only exception is a cat who lives exclusively indoors and couldn’t possibly get out. In some states, even indoor-only cats are required by law to be inoculated since a cat can always slip out the door, and a single exposure to an animal carrying the rabies virus would be enough. What’s more, if your cat bites someone and a report is made to public health authorities, you might have to surrender your cat to have his brain tested for rabies unless you can prove he was vaccinated.

In addition, proof of an up-to-date rabies vaccination may be needed for travel.

The rabies vaccine is safe and effective. It’s an extensively tested preventive measure for a terrible disease that’s fatal to cats and humans.

Optional Vaccines:

Feline leukemia- The feline leukemia (FeLV) vaccination got a bad rap initially because it was frequently ineffective and many breeders believed it to increase the risk of FIP. Its efficacy seems to have improved, though some experts argue that the better statistics largely reflect the way the vaccine is tested. Mature cats are already somewhat immune to feline leukemia, so if efficacy is surmised from an adult population, the vaccine will appear to offer powerful protection.

Protocols:

In general, you may find the first FVRCP vaccine is given at 6 to 8 weeks of life (definitely at 6 weeks if the kitten is not with its mother), and repeated every four weeks until the cat is 16 weeks old. After that, the FVRCP shot may generally be given annually, but occasionally there are reasons to deviate from this schedule.

If the cat is already an adult when the vaccination program begins, standard practice is to give two vaccines one month apart and then revaccinate annually. Most vaccines are given either under the skin or in the muscle. A few are delivered in the nose.